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Organic Agriculture

Organic Agriculture
has already a long-term tradition and history. Already at the beginning of the last century, some of important European personalities, as for instance Rudolf Steiner, considered usage of chemical substances and artificial fertilizers as unnatural and damaging to nature. Movement of organic farmers started and continuously spread all over the world. Organic agriculture has several orientations, for instance, the oldest bio dynamic agriculture, organic or biologic agriculture. However, all ecology-oriented farmers are promoting the following basic principles:

  • running a farm in accordance with the nature
  • preventing problems with pests and diseases, and not to try "to fight" the nature all the time
  • avoiding usage of chemical substances damaging the nature and bringing great risks to health of people
  • breading all animals in descent way, respecting their natural environment and behaviour
  • minimizing negative impact of agriculture to surrounding environment

Thanks to the mentioned principles, the farmers are voluntarily turning to people who do not harm underground and surface water resources, maintain the landscape and try to maintain sufficient number of shelters for organisms living in the landscape, protect and value importance of old regional species of plants and domestic animals. Organic agriculture is a pioneer of new trends in "technology safety" and "ecology quality" of food. The main principle is that there is no need for control of pesticide residues in products id those substances are not used at all.
Organic farmers are purposely renouncing intensive chemistry-based agriculture containing factors which are risky for ecology and health of people while aiming at the production of quality food-stuff and feed-stuff, maintenance of long-term soil fertility, gentle attitude to landscape, creation of jobs and maintaining of rural population.
Organic farmers are not polluting environment as they do not use agrochemicals, they do not have surplus production as the yield from plants and animals are lower, they create job opportunities as organic agriculture is more labour-consuming (the contribute to value added produced in the rural areas, and so indirectly they contribute to maintaining the rural population). However that is not granted - the prices of bio products are higher.

 

YEARBOOK ORGANIC FARMING IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC 2008

http://www.mze.cz/attachments/rocenka_v_Aj_08-na_web.pdf

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